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Naturalization (Citizenship)

Naturalization is the process by which U.S. citizenship is conferred upon a foreign citizen or national after he or she fulfills the requirements established by Congress in the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). The general requirements for administrative naturalization include:

    • a period of continuous residence and physical presence in the US (at least half of the required period of residence, 30 or 18 months)
    • a period of 5 years of residence in the US after becoming a permanent resident prior to filing (3 years if married to and living with a U.S. citizen)
    • an ability to read, write, and speak English (unless exempt due to age and number of years as permanent resident)
    • a knowledge and understanding of US history and government
    • good moral character
    • attachment to the principles of the U.S. Constitution
    • a favorable disposition toward the U.S.